This policy refers to the cookies and web pages of this site.
What are Cookies?
A cookie is a small file consisting of letters and numbers that will be stored on the computer, mobile terminal or any other user equipment with Internet access. The cookie is installed following the request issued by a web server to a browser (e.g. Internet Explorer, Chrome) and is completely “passive” (does not contain software, viruses, or spyware and cannot access the information on the user’s hard drive).
What Are Cookies Used for?
These files make it possible to recognize the user’s terminal and present the content relevantly, adapted to the user’s preferences. Cookies are used to prepare anonymous aggregated statistics that help us understand how users benefit from our web pages, allowing us to improve their structure and content, excluding the user’s identification.
What Cookies Do We Use?
We use two types of cookies: per session and fixed. The latter are temporary files that remain in the user’s terminal until the session ends or closes the application (web browser). The selected files stay on the user’s terminal for a period in the Cookie parameters or until the user manually deletes them.
A visit to this site may place the following types of cookies:
Site performance cookies
Visitor analysis cookies
Advertising provider cookies
Do Cookies Contain Personal Data?
Cookies themselves do not require personal information to be used and, in most cases, do not personally identify Internet users. Personal Data collected using cookies may only be used to facilitate certain functionalities for the user. Such data is encrypted in a way that makes it impossible for unauthorized persons to access it.
Why Are Cookies Important for The Internet?
Cookies are critical for the efficient functioning of the Internet, helping to generate a friendly browsing experience adapted to each user’s preferences and interests. Declining or disabling cookies may make some sites impossible to use.
Refusing or disabling cookies does not mean that you will no longer receive online advertising – but only that it will no longer be able to consider your preferences and interests, as highlighted by your browsing behaviour.
Examples of important uses of cookies (which do not require user authentication through an account)
Content and services adapted to user preferences – categories of products and services.
Offers adapted to users’ interests – password retention.
Retention of child protection filters on Internet content (family mode options, safe search functions).
Limiting the frequency of ad serving – Limiting the number of impressions of an ad for a particular user on a site.
We are providing more relevant advertising for the user.
Measurement, optimization, and analytics features – such as confirming a certain level of traffic on a website, what type of content is viewed, and how a user gets to a website (e.g. through search engines, directly from other websites, etc.). Websites conduct these analyses of their usage to make improvements and facilitate the users’ experience.
Security And Privacy Issues
Cookies use plain text formats. They are not made up of pieces of code, so they cannot be executed or auto-run. Consequently, they cannot be duplicated or replicated on other networks to run or repeat. Because they cannot perform these functions, they cannot be considered viruses.
Cookies may, however, be used for harmful purposes. Because it stores information about user’s preferences and browsing history, both on a particular site and several other sites, a cookie can be used as a form of spyware. Many anti-spyware products are aware of this and constantly mark cookies to be deleted during anti-virus / anti-spyware deletion/scanning procedures.
In general, browsers have integrated privacy settings that provide different acceptance levels of cookies, validity period, and automatic deletion after the user has visited a particular site.
Other Security Issues Related to Cookies
Because identity protection is valuable and every Internet user has a right to have their identity protected, it is advisable to know what possible problems cookies can create. Because information is constantly transmitted in both directions between the browser and the website using them, should an attacker or unauthorized person intervene during data transmission, the information contained in the cookie may be intercepted?
Although very rare, this can happen if the browser connects to the server using an unencrypted network (e.g. an unsecured WiFi network).
Other cookie-based attacks involve incorrect cookie settings on servers. If a website does not require the browser to use only encrypted channels, attackers can use this vulnerability to trick browsers into sending information through unsecured channels. Attackers then use the information to gain unauthorized access to specific sites. It is essential to be careful in choosing the most appropriate method of personal information protection.
Disabling and refusing to receive cookies may make specific sites unusable or difficult to visit and use. Also, the refusal to accept cookies does not mean that you will no longer receive/see online advertising.
It is possible to set the browser so that these cookies are no longer accepted, or you can set the browser to accept cookies from a specific site. But, for example, if you are not registered using cookies, you will not be able to leave comments.
All browsers offer the ability to change cookie settings. These settings are usually found in the “options” or “preferences” menu of your browser. To understand these settings, the following links may be useful; otherwise, you can use the “help” option of the browser for more details.